Academic Publications:


Hurwitz, S, L.B. Christiansen, P. Hsieh, Hydrothermal fluid flow and deformation in large caldera: Inferences from numerical simulations, J Geophys Res, 122, B02206, doi:10.1029/2006JB004689, 2007.

Christiansen, L.B., Hurwitz, S., Ingebritsen, S., Annual modulation of seismicity along the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, CA, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L04306, doi:10.1029/2006GL028634 2007 .

Christiansen, L.B., S. Hurwitz, M.O. Saar, S.E. Ingebritsen, P. Hsieh, Seasonal seismicity at western United States volcanic areas, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 240, 2005.

Christiansen, L.B., and G. Garven, Transient hydrogeologic models for submarine flow in volcanic seamounts: 1. The Hawaiian Islands, J Geophys Res, vol.109, B2108, doi:10.1029/2003JB002401, 2004.

Christiansen, L.B., and G. Garven, Transient hydrogeologic models for submarine flow in volcanic seamounts: 2. Comparison of the Hawaiian, Marquesas, and Canary Islands, J Geophys Res, vol.109, B2108, doi:10.1029/2003JB002402, 2004.

Christiansen, L.B., and G. Iturrino, Core-scale permeability of an actively venting, felsic, hydrothermal system: The PACMANUS hydrothermal field, Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 193: College Station, TX, (Ocean Drilling Program), 2004.

G. Iturrino, R.A. Ketcham, L.B. Christiansen, and G. Boitnott, Data Report: Permeability, resistivity, and x-ray computed tomography measurements in samples from the PACMANUS hydrothermal system, Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 193: College Station, TX, (Ocean Drilling Program), 2004.

Christiansen, L.B., and G. Garven, A theoretical comparison of buoyancy-driven and compaction-driven fluid flow in oceanic sedimentary basins, J Geophys Res, 108, 2130, doi:1029/2002JB001956, 2003.

P. J. Michael, C. H. Langmuir, H. J. B. Dick, J. E. Snow, S. L. Goldstein, D. W. Graham, K. Lehnert, G. Kurras, W. Jokat, R. Mühe & H. N. Edmonds, Magmatic and amagmatic seafloor generation at the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean, Nature, 423, 956-961, 2003.


Fisher, A.T., E.E. Davis, M. Hutnak, V. Spiess, L. Zuhlsdorff, A. Cherkaoui, L. Christiansen, K. Edwards, B. Macdonald, H. Villinger, M.J. Mottl, C.G. Wheat, and K. Becker, Hydrothermal recharge and discharge across 50 km guided by seamounts on a young ridge flank, Nature, 421, 559-674, 2003.

Kurras, G.J., M.H. Edwards, J.R. Cochran, B.J. Coakley, Volcanism Along the
Ultra-Slow Spreading Gakkel Mid-Ocean Ridge, Geology, 2002

Cochran, J.R., G.J. Kurras, M.H. Edwards, B.J. Coakley, The Gakkel Ridge: Bathymetry, gravity anomalies and crustal accretion at extremely slow spreading rates, Journal of Geophysical Researches, 2002


Michael, P. , Thiede, J. , Langmuir, C. , Jokat, W. , Dick, H. , Snow, J. , Graham, D. , Weigelt, E. , Goldstein, S. , Mühe, R. , Edmonds, H. , Ritzmann, O. , Kurras, G.J. , Büchl, A. , Kuhnz, L. , Gauger, S. , Lehnert, K. , Schmidt-Aursch, M. C. , Standish, J. , Schmidt, T. , Broda, J. , Schramm, B. , Hatzky, J. and Soffer, G. (2001): Results of the Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge Expedition (AMORE 2001) - Seafloor Spreading at the Top of the World , InterRidge News, International Ridge-Crest Research: Arctic Ridges, Vol. 10(2), pp. 57-60 2001


Smith, M.C., M.R. Perfit, D.J. Fornari, W.I. Ridley, M.H. Edwards, G.J. Kurras, K.L. Von Damm, Magmatic Processes and Segmentation at a Fast Spreading Mid-Ocean Ridge: Detailed Investigation of an Axial Discontinuity on the East Pacific Rise Crest at 9° 37’N, G-Cubed, 2, 2001


Kurras, G.J., M.H. Edwards, P. Michael, J.R. Cochran, B.J. Coakley, Comparison of Seabeam-2112 and SCAMP Bathymetry Data Along the Gakkel Mid-Ocean Ridge; Preliminary Mapping Results from the Healy0102 Arctic Cruise, OCEAN 2001, Proceedings, 2001


Tolstoy, M., D.R. Bohnenstiehl, M.H. Edwards, G.J. Kurras, Seismic character of volcanic activity at the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel Ridge, Geology, 1139–1142, 2001


Engels, J., M.H. Edwards, D.J. Fornari, G.J. Kurras, D. Bohnensteil, Collapse of seafloor volcanic terrain: A key process in the formation of the upper ocean crust, Geology, Submitted, 2001


Edwards, M.H., G.J. Kurras, M. Tolstoy, D.R. Bohnenstieh, B.J. Coakley, J.R. Cochran, Evidence of Recent Volcanic Activity on the Ultra-Slow Spreading Gakkel Ridge, Nature 409, 808 – 812, 2001


Kurras, G.J., D.J. Fornari, M.H. Edwards, Volcanic Morphology of the East
Pacific Rise Crest 9° 49’ - 52’ N: Implications for Emplacement Processes at
Fast-Spreading Mid-Ocean Ridges
, Marine Geophy. Res., 21 (1):23-41, 2000

Harris, R.N., G. Garven, J. Georgen, M.K. McNutt, L. Christiansen, and R.P. Von Herzen, Submarine hydrogeology of the Hawaiian archipelagic apron 2. Numerical simulations of coupled heat transport and fluid flow, J Geophys Res, 105 (B9), 21,371-21,385, 2000.

Conkwright, R.D., C.P. Williams, and L.B. Christiansen, Offshore Sand Resources in Northern Maryland Shoal Fields, 94 pp., Maryland Geological Survey, Baltimore, 2000

Kurras, G.J., Edwards, M.H., D.J. Fornari, and P. Johnson, An Online Database for the East Pacific Rise 9° - 10°N, RIDGE Newsletter, 10,2, 9-13, 1999

Kurras, G.J., M.H. Edwards, D.J. Fornari, High-resolution bathymetry of the East Pacific Rise axial summit trough 9o 49’-51’N: A compilation of Alvin scanning sonar and altimetry data from 1991-1995, Geophy. Res. Lett., 25, 8, 1209-1212, 1998

Fornari, D., G. Kurras, M. Edwards, W. Spencer, W. Hersey, Mapping volcanic morphology on the crest of the East Pacific Rise 9° 49'-52'N using the WHOI towed camera system: a versatile new digital camera sled for seafloor mapping, BRIDGE Newsletter 14, 4-12, 1998


Past Project Locations ( click me )


View where Seafloor Investigations has worked
SCAMP Bathymetry Data
SCAMP Bathymetry Data
from the Arctic Ocean 1997.

MesoTech Bathymetry Data
MesoTech Bathymetry Data
from the East Pacific Rise 1991-1996.

Arctic Volcanism
SCAMP Sidescan Data
from SCICEX 1997 cruise (Nature 2001)

Sidescan drape on bathy
SCAMP Sidescan & Bathymetry Data
Edwards, et. al... Nature 2001.